Causes of Male Infertility

Fusion Nest Fertility Centre

Causes of Male Infertility and Possible Solutions

Infertility is the inability of a couple to achieve conception after one year of repetitive unprotected sex. Causes of Infertility is not sex dependent as 40% of causes is from the Man and another 40% is from the Woman, with the remaining 20% linked to unknown causes.A wide range of physical and emotional factors can cause infertility.


As for the man, Causes of Infertility are usually sperm related.For pregnancy to occur the sperms cells must be released from somewhere, and travel through its natural defined pathways that the sperm takes before it gets out of the penis.


The sperm cells usually flows from the testes to epididymis to vas deferens to seminal vesicle to urethra and out.


It starts from the testes, that is where the sperm cells are produced and mature. A Mature sperm cell has a head, body and tail. The head carries the genetic copy of the host (it determines the sex of the future baby), the body provides the energy to sustain the sperm cells while the tail allows the sperm cell to swim effectively.


if the above natural process do not take place, then fertilization of the female eggs won’t occur and the resultant effect is infertility caused by the man. for male causes.alot of factors most of which are listed below are responsible for infertility in males.


Causes of Male infertility.

  • Ranges of Sperm issues.
    • Azoospermia(No Sperm).
    • Oligospermia(Low sperm count).
    • Asthenospermia(Poor sperm motility).
    • Teratospermia(Poor sperm morphology).
  • Lacking sperm production in the testicles.
  • Untreated/Improperly Treated Infections.
  • Heat/Enviroment
  • Antibodies in the sperm cells.

Lacking sperm production in the testicles

Lacking sperm production in the testicles is the most frequent cause of poor sperm quality. Usually the man has no symptoms of his poor sperm quality, besides from being infertile. On closer examination we often notice that the testicles are somewhat smaller than normal in these men, and that the superior sex hormone FSH has an increased level. If you have a too low FSH level, a series of hormone injections will restore the sperm quality.


We do not know any treatment that will restore a normal production of sperm cells when the harm is done. We know very little about why some men have a poor sperm quality. One theory is that the man has a defect in the Y-chromosome; another theory is factors in the environment.



Non-descended testicles

If boy children’s testicles are not descended to the scrotum at birth, these boys run the risk of having poor sperm quality later in life. This condition should be treated as early as possible, because the more years the testicles have been exposed to an increased temperature, the bigger the chance of poor sperm quality.



Infections like chlamydia or gonorrhoea ,whereby the affected man complains of itching, pus discharge from the penis and abdominal pain. If not properly treated scars forms in the pathways blocking the flow of sperm which result is a stop of the passage for the sperm cells in the epididymis or the sperm duct.



Heat also destroys sperm cells common in those that wear a lot of gadgets over the male sex organs.Very long and frequent visits to a sauna can also reduce the quantity of sperm cells because of the effect of the heat.


Antibodies in the sperm cells.

The presence of sperm antibodies reduces male fertility but does not out rightly prevent conception. Some men produce antibodies in the semen, which makes the sperm cells clot. We do not always know why the man produces antibodies, in some cases it is because the man has been sterilized and the sperm ducts have been cut.


If you have been sterilized and want to have the sperm ducts restored, some men will remain infertile, as antibodies against the sperm cells have been produced during the period of sterilization.


Once sperm and blood come in contact, whether in the male or female, specific antibodies are produced against them by specialized blood cells call T- and B-lymphocytes. The three main types of sperm antibodies produced are Immunoglobulin G (IgG), Immunoglobulin A (IgA) and Immunoglobulin M (IgM). These antibodies bind to the proteins (antigens) on the sperm’s head, mid-piece or tail.


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